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Hanging Gardens of Babylon

(This hand-coloured engraving, probably made in the 19th century after the first excavations in the Assyrian capitals, depicts the fabled Hanging Gardens, with the Tower of Babel in the background)

The Hanging Gardens of Babylon, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only one for which, proof of location has not been definitely established.

It is said to be built in the ancient Iraqi city of Babylon.

According to the historians and the ancient writings, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon was built aound 600 BC by the great Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife Amytis to cheer up as she was missing the plants and gardens of her homeland.

A Greek historian named Diordorus Siculus described the gardens as being 400 feet wide by 400 feet long, with walls more than 80 feet high.

In fact the Hanging Gardens did not hang at all but were set up on multi -level stone terraces.

The plants that were grown on roof top and other terraces, covered the walls giving them the appearance that the plants HUNG in mid-air.

Historians have estimated that around 8,200 gallons of water a day would have been used to water the plants.

German architect and archaeologist Robert Koldewey, who is well known for his findings of Babylon as a geographic and historical reality, discovered huge vaults and arches at the site.

He also uncovered an ancient hydraulic system like a pump drawing water from the river.

Some historians and archaeologists believe that the gardens were destroyed by war and erosion, while others believe an earthquake destroyed them.

The construction must have started falling due to bad weather conditions.

Due to lack of physical evidence the wonders of Hanging Gardens of Babylon is still under debate.

Archaeologists and Historians are continuing their search and research to reveal whether this wonder is a myth or an existed one.

Image source: www.en.wikipedia.org / Raymond Kleboe/Picture Post/Getty Images

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